I some times like to look at "Messianic" or "Hebrew Name" versions of translations. I find that it is a decent proxy, for someone who doesn't read the original languages the scriptures are written in, to help me understand the true intent. For a variety of reasons, the English translations or transliterations sometimes obsure what was really going on.
You will sometimes hear people advancing the "he was a good teacher, but he wasn't God" argument. A decent rejoinder is the "trilemna". This argument is that either Jesus was who he said he was, or he was not. If he was not, he either believed it or he didn't. If he believed the he was the Son of God, but wasn't than he was crazy. If he didn't believe it, he was a liar. (This is sometimes summarized as "Lord, Liar, or Lunatic. We do love our alliteration.")
The point here is that the "good teacher" argument doesn't really work. If he wasn't God, the he was either lying or crazy and neither is a good foundation for "good teaching".
People will sometimes retort that Jesus never claimed he was God. To that, we should respond, then why did they kill him?
The high priest clearly understood Jesus's answer here as a direct claim to deity. Jesus was clearly claiming to be God and that's why they killed him; regardless of the Roman reasoning, he was executed for blasphemy. In this case, he was claiming for himself the glory and honor of God. We should make no mistake here; if Jesus wasn't really God, then was certainly guilt of blasphemy. Since the high priest refused to accept his deity, he had no choice but to execute him.
Likewise, if we reject Jesus's claim to deity (which he made many times), we have no choice but to reject him outright. If we accept this claim though, we have no choice but to accept him with all of our being.